NEW DELHI: Strongly emphasizing the need to address the root cause behind the man-animal conflict, Commerce & Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu pointed out that the man-animal conflict is an existential crisis not for the animals, but for human beings.nnAddressing a gathering to celebrate World Elephant Day today at Indira Gandhi Centre for National Arts here today, Prabhu said that there is an urgent need to explain this existential crisis to the human population.nnHe underlined the fact that protection of wilderness and forests is a must to protect any wildlife species.nnThe Minister stressed the urgent need to focus on human population to optimize conservation efforts. He also acknowledged the supreme sacrifice of Late Dr. Manikandan and his family on the occasion.nnSpeaking on the occasion, Director General of Forest and Special Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Dr. Siddhanta Das, said that in the quest for development, human intervention has fragmented habitats of elephants and destroyed forests, which in turn has led to the occurrence of man-animal conflict.nnDr. Das stated that elephants keep walking an eating for 18 hours in a day and defecate half-digested food, including grass, bamboo and leaves over a wide area, giving rise to another chain of events.nnHe averred that if elephants are confined to one place, nature?s linkage is broken.nnIn this context, Dr. Das pointed to the urgent need to protect the habitat and corridors of elephants.nnMinistry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, along with Wildlife Trust of India, kicked off the celebrations of ?Gaj Mahotsav? today. The four-day ?Gaj Mahotsav? celebrations will continue till August 15, 2018. ?Gaj Mahotsav? celebrations will include sessions on policy, art exhibitions, film shows, music and entertainment. A special area has been earmarked on the IGNCA lawns for the display and sale of elephant-themed products and produce from various NGOs that have been invited to showcase their work. The 101 elephants displayed at IGNCA during Gaj Mahotsav symbolize the 101 elephant corridors that need to be protected.nnAn award ceremony was also held to commemorate the World Elephant Day. Prabhu conferred the ?Best Elephant Warrior Award? to Late Dr. Manikandan. The award was received by Mrs. Sangeeta Manikandan. The award for making a significant contribution to the cause of conservation of Asian elephant was given to John Burton & Vivien Burton.nnThe efforts of Assam government in putting back 15 elephants into the wild were also acknowledged on the occasion. Dr. Alka Pande, Ina Puri, Anita Nair, Bulbul Sharma, Surendra Verma, Shantum Seth and Abhilash Khandekar were also felicitated for making wildlife conservation efforts.nnnn?Mere Desh Ki Zameen? ? the ?Wild Anthem? (see attached video link) composed by noted lyricist, Prasoon Joshi and sung by well-known singers, Shreya Ghoshal, Sunidhi Chauhan, Vishal Dadlani and Benny Dayal was also released on the occasion.nnA presentation by the Ishara Puppet Theatre Trust, directed by Dadi Pudumjee, using specially created, colouful ?Tolu Bomblatta shadow puppets? from Andhra Pradesh was made before the gathering. The presentation was created by S. Hanumantha Rao, S. Chidambara Rao, Khande Bhaskar Rao andKanday Anjanappa.nnThe gathering on the occasion of World Elephant Day celebrations included policy makers, elephant experts/individuals, representatives of civil society, as well as school children. Additional Director General of Forests, M.S. Negi, Inspector General Forests and Director (Project Elephant), Noyal Thomas, ED & CEO, Wildlife Trust of India,Vivek Menon and President & CEO, International Fund for Animal Welfare, Azzedine Downes also addressed the gathering.nnBACKGROUND:nnThe objective behind celebrating the World Elephant Day every year is to focus attention of various stakeholders to support various conservation policies to help elephants, including improving enforcement policies to prevent the illegal poaching and trade of ivory, conserving elephant habitats, providing better treatment for captive elephants and reintroducing some captive elephants into sanctuaries.nnCurrent population estimates for Asian elephants in the country, as per 2017 Census, are about 30,000. Asian elephants are confined to South Asia and South East Asia and about 60 per cent of global population of Asian elephants is found in India. As an acknowledgement of the important role played by the elephants in the social, religious and cultural life of people in India, elephants were declared as a National Heritage Animal in the year 2010.nnIn order to conserve the Asian Elephants the Project Elephant started in 1992, with the objectives of (i) conservation and protection of viable population of wild elephants in their natural habitats in the country; (ii) restoration of natural habitats and traditional corridors/migratory routes or movement paths used by the elephants, wherever necessary, through eco-restoration, acquisition etc; (iii) ensuring safeguards against poaching and other threats; (iv) mitigation and control of human elephant conflicts; (v) welfare and management of captive elephants; and (vi) creating a viable mechanism to ensure inter-state and regional and national level coordination in protecting and conserving the elephant and its ranges.